Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House


509 Washington Avenue


LOCATION:   The Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House is located at 509 Washington Avenue on the N/2 of Lot 12, Block 34 (Culmseig Map of 1854).

509 Washington Avenue

(image made February 1993)


BUILDING:   The Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House is a one-story, side gabled roofed, wood frame, raised cottage.  The full-width undercut five-bay gallery is supported by colonettes.  The three central bays of the five-bay facade consist of transomed doors.  The outer bays are six-over-six double hung windows.  There have been some additions to the rear and north elevations.  It is estimated that the house was constructed in the middle 1850s making it one of the oldest extant homes at Ocean Springs.

A study of the Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House site utilizing Sanborn maps indicates several stages of development between 1893 and 1909.  During this time, several alterations and additions occurred.  The area of the house increased from 1375 square-feet in 1893 to just over 2000 square-feet by 1909.  There has been virtually no change in the area of the house since 1909.


With the absence of Jackson County land records and tax rolls prior to 1875 due to several conflagrations occurring at that Courthouse, it is difficult to determine the exact age of the Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House.  A manuscript in the files of the St. Alphonsus Catholic Church relating the early history of that Church tells of a faithful Catholic woman, Sophia Schnider Hubbard (1822-1900), who offered her Washington Avenue home for the celebration of Mass prior to the construction of a Catholic Church at Ocean Springs.  Mrs. Hubbard, a native of Bavaria in southern Germany, was the wife of George Hubbard (b. 1820), a retired businessman born at Connecticut.  The Hubbards were probably former residents of New Orleans.

It can be determined with a high degree of certitude that the first Catholic Church at Ocean Springs was built at what is now the northwest corner of Porter and Dewey.  In July 1859, Joseph Bellande (1813-1907), a French immigrant, from Marseille, and his wife, Roseline LaFauce (1821-1893), the granddaughter of Catherine Bourgeois (1768-circa 1845), the Widow of Louis Auguste LaFontaine (1762-1824), sold Bishop William H. Elder of Natchez a lot on the south side of Porter measuring 192 feet by 100 feet deep for $100.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Book 2, pp. 498-499)

Bishop Elder reported also in 1859 that, "Father Georget has bought the lumber for the church at Ocean Springs.  It is to measure 50 feet by 25 feet very plain".  Father Georget was the pastor at Biloxi, and he took on Ocean Springs as a mission.

From this brief history of the commencement of the St. Alphonsus Catholic Church, one could conclude that the Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House existed at least a few years prior to 1859.  The land deed records of Jackson County indicate that Mrs. Hubbard owned the north half of Lot 12 in Block 34 from at least as early 1875 until October 1890 when she conveyed it and the house to Helen Thomas Armstrong for $500.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Book 23, pp. 186-187)

Helen Thomas Armstrong (1858-1928) was the wife of John L. Armstrong (1851-1911).  She was born at Jasper County, Mississippi, and came to Ocean Springs in 1871 with her parents, Barney Thomas (1807-1878) and Roxy Ann Best (1816).  The Thomas Family had migrated to Mississippi from Anson County, North Carolina.

John Armstrong was also born at Mississippi of Virginia parents.  He toiled as a farm laborer, but later went to work for the L&N Railroad.  Armstrong pioneered the rail route between New Orleans and Mobile participating in this construction.  Later in his railroad career, he served as a bridge gang foreman and water pumper.  Armstrong had two brothers, L.W. Armstrong and George Armstrong.

The Armstrongs had one son, Don Carl Armstrong (1880-1911), who was a carpenter.  He became very ill at Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1911.  His mother went West to care for him, but he never recovered from his malady.

The Armstrongs were significantly active in real estate at Ocean Springs.  By December 1898, Helen Armstrong had purchased the south half of Lot 12 from Mrs. Hubbard.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 23, pp. 188-189)

In October 1903, John and Helen Armstrong probably built two Queen Anne style rental cottages on the southwest corner of Washington and Calhoun.  This lot (180 feet on Washington by 160 feet on Calhoun) had been acquired for $375 a month earlier from the George W. Thomas Family and Miss Annie Eglin.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 39, p. 126) 

In March 1913, Widow Helen Armstrong sold the south cottage to Leroy McFarland (1836-1920+), a native of Virginia.  McFarland's children, Elsie McFarland Hayden (1881-1956) and Oscar "Mike" McFarland (1872-1952) ran a variety store on Washington Avenue for about twenty years.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 39, pp. 130-131)

Both cottages were destroyed in the Big Fire of November 1916 with the J.P. VanCleave Store, Richardson Cottage, Ocean Springs Fire Company No. 1, and the Vahle House.

After the demise of her husband in 1911, Helen Armstrong began to rent rooms in her large Washington Avenue home.  By 1920, her sister, Annie Thomas, and brother, George W. Thomas, were residing with her.  Before her death on April 26, 1928, Helen Thomas Armstrong legated her Washington Avenue home and property to her brother, George Washington Thomas.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 3, pp. 72-73)

George W. Thomas

George W. Thomas (1854-1932) was a native of Jasper County, Mississippi.  He resided most of his life at Ocean Springs were he farmed, worked for the L&N Railroad, and in later life was considered an expert gardener.  Thomas is credited with planting the oak trees on Washington Avenue. Thomas had two families.  With his first wife, Laura Sutton (1853-1887), an Alabama native, Thomas fathered:  Julie Annie Thomas (1877), Charles L. Thomas (1878), James Acey Thomas (1882-1919), and Edith Armstrong (1886-1967).

After Laura died , George Thomas married Evelyn Woodcock (1867-1904) of Ocean Springs.  They were married in 1889 and had the following children:  Mary Jane (Mollie) Penton (1890-1978), Georgia LeBatard (1893-1976), Jessie William (1894-1906), Harold (b. 1896), Aline King (b. 1899), and Lee J. (1902-1958).  Another child died in infancy.

Jessie William Thomas (1894-1906), called Willie, had a fatal accident in Ocean Springs on October 5, 1906.  Willie was crossing a stile when he fell and a splinter perforated his wind pipe.

After his wife died, George Thomas lived with his sister, Helen, at the Armstrong House.  Thomas sold the S/2 of Lot 12, Block 34 to his daughter, Edith Thomas Armstrong (1887-1967).  She was the wife of Walter G. Armstrong (1878-1945), a rural mail carrier.  In September 1929, about three years before George W. Thomas died on September 15, 1932, he sold his house to his daughter, Mary Jane "Mollie" Penton, for $2000.  Circa 1908, Mollie Penton had married Marby A. Penton (1882-1951), a native of Baldwin County, Alabama.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 62, p. 536 and Bk. 62, pp. 607-608)

Marby A. Penton's father, had come to Moss Point, Mississippi to build boats for the Dantzlers.  He moved the family to Biloxi and died of yellow fever circa 1888.  As a young man Marby Penton worked on a charcoal schooner.  He later joined the L&N Railroad as a carpenter at its Gautier, Mississippi creosote plant about 1910.  The Pentons reared a large family on De LaPointe Road at Gautier.  The Penton children were:  Houston (1909-1973), George A. (1911), William Kell (1913-1993), Joseph W. (1916-1970), Gordon J. (1920-1981), Marby R. (1922-1995), Floyd E. (1925), and Claude H. (1929).

One son, Marby R. Penton (1922), lived at 206 Washington Avenue in Ocean Springs.  He served the community as their three term representative to the Mississippi State Legislature in the late 1960s and early 1970s.  Penton was d'Iberville in the 1979 reenactment of the 1699 Landing.

During their ownership, the Pentons never lived in their Washington Avenue home.  It was utilized as a rental house most probably to railroad families who were numerous in Ocean Springs at this time.

The Pentons sold the house to John Ake (1881-1953) for $700 in February 1938.  Mr. Ake was probably born at Alabama.  He made his livelihood as a carpenter for the L&N Railroad.  In 1943, Ake married Mary Jane Williams (1884-1962), the daughter of Benjamin F. Williams of Belle Fountaine and the widow of Henry King (1878-c.1940).  She had married King in 1903.  King was a shipyard worker in the 1920s.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk.71, p. 18)

As a young woman, Mary Jane Ake worked as a housekeeper for Dr. Henry B. Powell (1867-1949) at the Bayou Inn.  At the Powell inn, she learned the skills essential to managing a public house.  While married to Henry King, Mary Jane operated a rooming house at the King home located to the rear of the Westbrook Barber Shop on Washington Avenue.  Here the Kings reared two daughters, Emma Mae King Bauman (1906-1988) and Rosalie King Shock (1908). 

After moving to the Ake home on Washington Avenue, Mary Jane opened the house to roomers.  She let rooms to single men for $2.50 per night.  Although married to John Ake, she was called "Mrs. King" by the towns people.

After Mrs. Ake's demise in January 1962, her daughter, Emma Mae Bauman, took over the Washington Avenue rooming business.  Room rents at this time were about $5.00 per day.  Single men were the primary occupants. 

Emma Mae had married Manuel Bauman (1904-1973), a Russian immigrant, born at Maloyaroslavets, USSR, site of the 1812 battle where the Russians prevented Napoleon from retreating southward.  He entered the United States at Philadelphia with his father in 1910.  The Baumans settled at Lamoure, South Dakota.

Manuel, called Monk, and a friend, Edward Shock, came from the Midwest to Ocean Springs in the late 1920s to work on the seawall.  They met and married the King sisters, Emma Mae and Rosalie.  Monk and Emma Mae Bauman had three daughters:  Mary Louise (1930), Treva Eglin (1934), and Sheila Puffer (1944).  At Ocean Springs, Bauman made his livelihood as a plasterer and cement finisher.  The Shocks moved to Lincoln, Arkansas.

In July 1973, Rosalie Shock and Emmy Mae Bauman sold their Washington Avenue property to Carroll B. Ishee (1921-1982) and Gladys Smith Ishee.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 470, p. 150) 

Carroll B. Ishee

Ishee utilized 509 Washington Avenue as a staging area and storage for his construction business.  In May 1979, the Ishees sold the house to John R. and Courtney Cook Blossman.(Jackson County, Ms. Land Deed Bk. 651, p. 467) 

Carroll B. Ishee was born at Hattiesburg, Mississippi and became a lawyer after serving in the US Army.   He received the Silver Star for bravery while serving with the 82nd Airborne Division in Europe. 

After WWII, Ishee practiced law briefly at Biloxi, but soon became bored.  He developed an interest in real estate and architecture.  Carroll Ishee built his first home in Gulf Hills in 1953.  In time, he developed an architectural signature which is characterized primarily by its site, i.e. thick vegetation or wooded slope of a wetland.  In this natural environment, he built houses featuring trees penetrating the deck, cores of trees utilized as vertical or horizontal supports, skylights, free-form bathtubs, and built in furniture.  There are approximately 150 Ishee homes from Bay St. Louis to Pascagoula.

In February 1969, Ishee acquired 4.3 acres from E.M. Galloway in the Fort Point area of Ocean Springs.  He called the development Lover's lane Addition.  Here on the northeast slope of historic Lovers Lane traced by ancient oaks and magnolias as it winds it way through grounds once inhabited by Bienville and his French colonials, Ishee created ten wonderful contemporary structures.  Each home comes from the individual palette of this consummate artist who painted with foliage, wood, slate, cedar shingles, and glass to camouflage his creation in this sylvan environment.   

Carroll Ishee was married to Gladys Smith.  They lived at Biloxi and Ocean Springs where they reared six children: Carroll B. Ishee Jr., Andre, Thomas Ishee, Jane I. Trochessett Beavers, Nell Ishee, and Rae Ishee.

Mr. Ishee utilized 509 Washington Avenue as a staging area and storage for his contracting and construction enterprises.


John R. Blossman (1943-2010) is a graduate of Yale University (1965) and the Vanderbilt School of Law (1968).  He was elected President of Blossman Inc., a regional marketer of propane gas, in 1969. 

Courtney Cook Blossman (b. 1941) is a native of Greenville, Mississippi.  She is a 1963 graduate of MSCW with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree.  The Blossmans were an integral part of the Friends of Walter Anderson, that organization responsible for the construction of the Walter Anderson Museum at Ocean Springs (1991). 

In 1979, Mrs. Blossman refurbished the old house which she utilizes as a rental.  Particular attention was paid to the front gallery which had been boxed in and screened in the past.  She consulted with historian, C.E. Schmidt (1904-1988) concerning the front porch ballusters.

The Singing River Mental Health Clinic occupied the structure for about thirteen years.  In 1994, the old rooming house is now the domicile of Letitia Galbraith, director of the Walter Anderson Musueum.  The rear apartment is also tenant occupied.

The Hubbard-Armstrong-Bauman House is significant not only for its historical architectural value, but as being the last operating tourist home or rooming house at Ocean Springs.  It ceased this service in the late 1960s when owned by Emmy Mae Bauman.  The citizens of Ocean Springs are fortunate that this treasure has been preserved through the years.



The History of Jackson County, Mississippi"George Thomas Washington", (Jackson County Genealogical Society: Pascagoula-1989), p. 367.

Websters New Geographical Dictionary, (Meriam-Webster: Springfield, Massachusetts-1984), p. 718.

Mississippi Coast History and Genealogical Society, "A Short History of Saint Alphonsus Parish, Ocean Springs", Volume 9, No. 4, November 1973, p. 131.

Mississippi Department of Archives and History, "Old Ocean Springs Historic District", Item No. 7, p. 5



The Biloxi Herald"Sophia Schnider Hubbard Obit", January 13, 1900, p. 8.

The Jackson County Times"Mrs. Helen Armstrong Obit", May 5, 1928, p. 3.

The Mississippi Press"Penton May Run for Judge's Post", August 19, 1974, p. 1.

The Ocean Springs News"Death of John L. Armstrong", March 11, 1911, p. 5.

The Ocean Springs Record"John Blossman Heads Group Enterprises", June 19, 1969, p. 1.

The Ocean Springs Record"Penton Seeks Re-Election", June 29, 1967, p. 3.

The Ocean Springs Record"Noted home designer dies", January 21, 1982, p. 1.

The Ocean Springs Record,"J.R. Blossman is Yale Graduate", June 9, 1966, p. 1.

The Pascagoula Democrat-Star"Ocean Springs Locals", October 5, 1906.


US CENSUS - Jackson County, Mississippi (1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920)


Sanborn Map Company (New York), "Ocean Springs, Mississippi", (1893)-Sheet 2, (1904)-Sheet 2, (1909)-Sheet 3, and (1925)-Sheet 3.


Personal Communication:

Claude H. Penton

Marguerite Seymour Norman

Gladys Smith Ishee

Treva Bauman Eglin

Courtney Cook Blossman